Mysterious ancient rocky outcrops in a remote part of the world remain a mystery to archaeologists.
The mystery is contained in the 200,000-square-kilometer (plateau) plateau called 'Easter' in Central Asia, which stretches between sandy and sandy valleys between Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The remoteness of this area makes access to this area more difficult.
The vastness of the area is its own, but living here due to the unpredictable weather and lack of rainfall is tantamount to risking one's life. Not everyone can withstand the minus 40 degrees cold on one side and 40 degrees Celsius on the other.
That is why only a few semi-nomadic tribes live in this vast plain. But when viewers look at the thousands of mysterious rocky peaks that stand here and there, like the walls of an ancient fortress, they are forced to think that once upon a time, Despite the unfavorable conditions, there was a nation that left them in the form of a puzzle which is not easy for archaeologists to solve.
Was the plain of Easter ever a vast ocean?
The limestone peaks in Easter have some strange features due to seasonal disasters and some of them are up to 200 meters high.
In the local language, they are called 'Chunk'. Rainfall is rare in this area, but if it ever rains, the abundant temporary salt pits here turn into lakes.
The area is said to have been part of an ocean called the Tethys, 21 million years ago, and is thought to have given birth to the Black Sea, the Aral Sea, and the Caspian Sea over time. ۔
Has there ever been a vast ocean of dry and rocky plains in the past? There is evidence, including shark's teeth, of rocky slopes on salt-and-white slopes, indicating that this dry plain was once home to marine flora and fauna.
What are the mysterious desert kites for Easter?
At the corners of this area, there is a series of earthen rocks called 'Desert Kites'. This is the name given to the British and French pilots who first flew in the air in 1920 when they saw rocks in the area that formed in long arrow-shaped lines in two to three lines and ended in a closed round hole. Are going
For the past 35 years, these desert kite-shaped rocks have been the focus of archaeologists' attention.
According to a French research project 'World Kite', these specimens are not only found in the lining but also mysterious rocks in Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Armenia. According to this research, about 5800 such series have been counted all over the world.
What do archaeologists think about desert kites?
Some experts believe that this is not a mystery.
But who made it and why? There is more than one opinion on this question.
According to some experts, these were the habitats of ancient inhabitants, while others believe that they were built for animals. One opinion is that these were probably places of worship. The series was discovered in 1952 by Russian archaeologist Sergei Tolstoy, who was also an ethnographer.
Radiocarbon estimates estimate that they are at least 2,000 years old, and experts believe that some of them were used as hunting grounds until the twentieth century. The theory that is often overlooked today is that these races were the hunting grounds of the rare deer found in Central Asia that frequented the region during the seasonal migration.
According to the researchers, the ancestors of the nomads living here used to take the deer to the rocky outcrops of a certain shape, and then they used to take them comfortably and then use them for food whenever they wanted.
Habitat of ancient civilizations and powers
Over the past several centuries, many civilizations have settled here.
According to Scottish archaeologist Professor Allison Bates, the whole region was famous for winter hunting until the twentieth century. The Amu Darya Delta continued to serve the tribes and civilizations that inhabited it.
Hunters of the Bronze Age merged with the First Iranian Empire in the 5th and 7th centuries BC, followed by the Mongols in the Middle Ages.
According to Professor Ellison, the forts in the area saw many eras of defeat because hunting here was the cause of a large trade in the form of skins, meat, and horns. And this trade became the basis of the economies of the growing powers that stretched from Central Asia to Europe.
What is the way to reach this area?
To reach the home of this mysterious and ancient civilization, one has to go to Kazakhstan, where the Kazakhstan Nature Reserve has been established in the southern Mangustu region.
Founded in 1984, the park is one and a half times larger than the total area of London, home to more than 300 species of birds, including the swordfish, thornbush, mongoose, and wild boar. But the park's most valuable asset is the only Iranian leopard that was first spotted in 2018, and now only two other leopards of this breed are found throughout Kazakhstan.
Scientists and experts are trying to expand Kazakhstan's nature reserves to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
Dr. Remy, head of the research project called World Kite, is from France. They believe that the builders of these mysterious hunting grounds needed environmental awareness and social support. According to him, securing the area will help to understand how people before us faced the weather and the environment.
Experts say that if the area is protected by multinational efforts, it will help to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which will have the benefit of raising more funds to protect the area from degradation. Supply will be easier.